User:CDB-Man

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Sandbox

JP Date Transcription

Refer to discussion here .

Rules for Transcribing Dates

The following are general guidelines for transcribing dates, both when used to refer to specific calendar dates (i.e. 25.06.2018), and when counting dates as units (i.e. "it has been 20 years", "2 months until the deadline", "I leave in 17 days").

-- "Full" Dates

If a "full" date is given without Arabic numerals, transcribe the kanji in full.

Text Hiragana Transcription
二〇一六年十二月十一日 にせんじゅうろくねん じゅうにがつ じゅういちにち nisenjuurokunen juunigatsu juuichinichi
二〇一六年十二月 にせんじゅうろくねん じゅうにがつ nisenjuurokunen juunigatsu
十二月十一日 じゅうにがつ じゅういちにち juunigatsu juuichinichi

If a "full" date is given with Arabic numerals, leave the numerals in the transcription.

Text Hiragana Transcription
2016年12月11日 2016ねん12がつ11にち 2016-nen 12-gatsu 11-nichi
2016年12月 2016ねん12がつ 2016-nen 12-gatsu
12月11日 4がつ11にち 12-gatsu 11-nichi

-- Year (Counter: 年, -nen)

This policy does not apply to the 年 (nen, year) counter, when being used as a date. For dates regarding specific calendar years, such as "2016年" meaning "the calendar year 2016", transcribe as "2016-nen". If given in kanji, such as "二〇一六年", transcribe in full as "nisenjuuroku-nen".

If 年 is being used to count the number of years as a counter object, ie 12年 as in "twelve years", transcribe in full: juuninen.

-- Month (Counter: 月, -gatsu)

The 12 months of the year are considered dictionary terms, always transcribe in full. Similar to how the months in English are named January through December, the Japanese months are named 一月/1月 through 十二月/12月. When used to refer to the month, transcribe in full, such as ichigatsu and juunigatsu.

If 月 is being used to count the number of months as a counter object, ie 12ヶ月 as in "twelve months", transcribe in full: juunikagetsu.

List of the 12 dictionary months:

# Text Hiragana Transcription
1 一月 いちがつ Ichigatsu
2 二月 にがつ Nigatsu
3 三月 さんがつ Sangatsu
4 四月 しがつ Shigatsu
5 五月 ごがつ Gogatsu
6 六月 ろくがつ Rokugatsu
7 七月 しちがつ Shichigatsu
8 八月 はちがつ Hachigatsu
9 九月 くがつ Kugatsu
10 十月 じゅうがつ Juugatsu
11 十一月 じゅういちがつ Juuichigatsu
12 十二月 じゅうにがつ Juunigatsu

-- Day (Counter: 日, -nichi)

This policy does not apply to the 日 (nichi, day) counter, when being used as a date. For dates regarding specific calendar days, such as "11日" meaning "the calendar date of the 11th", transcribe as "11-nichi". If given in kanji, such as "十一日", transcribe in full as "juuichinichi".

If 日 is being used to count the number of days as a counter object, ie 11日 as in "eleven days", transcribe in full: juuichinichi.

However, 1st to 10th, 14th, 20th, and 24th, are irregular.

# Text Hiragana Transcription
1 一日 ついたち Tsuitachi
2 二日 ふつか Futsuka
3 三日 みっか Mikka
4 四日 よっか Yokka
5 五日 いつか Itsuka
6 六日 むいか Muika
7 七日 なのか Nanoka
8 八日 ようか Youka
9 九日 ここのか Kokonoka
10 十日 とおか Tooka
14 十四日 じゅうよっか Juuyokka
20 二十日 はつか Hatsuka
24 二十四日 にじゅうよっか Nijuuyokka